Policy Workshop: Measuring the CPI Measurement Bias (Indonesia)

Venue :Online Seminars
Host Name :The SEACEN Centre
Date From :30 Apr 2021
Date To :30 Apr 2021


To measure real income growth over time a price index is needed to adjust for changes in the cost of living. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is often used for this task but studies from several countries show the CPI is a biased measure of changes in the cost of living, leading to potentially wrong estimates of the rate of growth of real income in this paper CPI bias for Indonesia is calculated by estimating food Engel curves for households with the same level of CPI-deflated incomes at four different points in time between 1993 and 2008. The results suggest CPI bias was initially negative during the Asian Crisis but has been positive since 2000. Over the entire period, CPI bias has averaged four percent annually, equivalent to almost one third of the measured inflation rate.