Season 3 - Episode 7: Challenges and policy options for central banks in small, open and financially integrated economies
Dr. Mangal Goswami, Executive Director of the SEACEN Centre, talks to former Governor Már Guðmundsson about Iceland’s crisis and recovery and the lessons learned. More generally they discuss the challenges facing central banks in small, open and financially integrated economies (SOFIES) due to cross-border financial integration and volatile capital flows. Preserving monetary and financial stability in SOFIES requires more instruments than generally deployed before the great financial crisis (GFC), such as foreign exchange interventions, macroprudential tools and capital flow management tools, that in turn gives rise to the need to develop an integrated policy framework. Finally, they discuss to what degree these lessons are relevant in the current crisis.
The views of former Governor Már Guðmundsson on these issues are shaped by his terms at the Central Bank of Iceland from August 2009 to August 2019 but also by his work at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) as the Deputy Head of its Monetary and Economic Department from 2004-2009. He was a chairman of a regular meeting at the BIS of Governors from small open economies 2017-2019.